FCI-Standard N° 46 / 05. 05. 2003 / GB



(Appenzeller Sennenhund)




TRANSLATION :  Mrs. C. Seidler.


ORIGIN : Switzerland.




UTILIZATION : Driving-, watch-, guard-, house- and farm dog.  Today also a versatile working and family dog.



Group  2 - Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossid breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Section 3 - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
Without working trial.


BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : In 1853 an Appenzell Cattle Dog was first described in the book “Tierleben der Alpenwelt” (Animal Life in the Alps) as a “high-pitch barking, short-haired, medium size, multicolour cattle dog of a quite even Spitz type, which can be found in certain regions and is used partly to guard the homestead, partly to herd cattle.” In 1895, the great promotor of the breed, head-forester Max Siber, asked the SKG (Schweizerische Kynologische Gesellschaft, Swiss Cynological Society) to do something for the breed.  1898 the executive authorities of the Canton St. Gallen put the sum of SFr. 400.- at disposal to support the breeding of the Appenzell Cattle Dog.  The SKG then formed a special commission, the characteristic traits of the breed were fixed, and at the fair at Altstätten 9 dogs and 7 bitches appeared; they received prizes between SFr.5. to 10-. As a result, 8 Appenzell Cattle Dogs were shown at the first international dog show in Winterthur and entered in the newly introduced, separate class “Cattle Dogs”.  At the instigation of Prof. Dr. Albert Heim, who commited himself very much to the Swiss Cattle Dogs and with them also to the Appenzell Cattle Dog, the “Appenzeller Sennenhund Club” was founded in 1906.  Its purpose was to preserve and promote the breed in its natural state.  With the compulsory registration of puppies in the “Appenzeller Dog Stud Book” the aim of selective pure-breeding was begun.  In 1914 Prof.Heim set up the first valid breed standard.  The original breeding territory was the Appenzell region.  Today the breed is distributed all over Switzerland and beyond its borders and bred in many European countries.  The notion “Appenzeller Sennenhund” is clearly defined nowadays and the breed, as such, quite distinct from the other Swiss Cattle Dogs.  Although the Appenzell Cattle Dog has found many admirers, the breeding stock is still very small.  It is only by responsible and careful breeding that it will be possible to establish and consolidate its natural and outstanding hereditary qualities.


GENERAL APPEARANCE : Tricolour, medium-sized, almost squarely built dog, balanced in all parts.  Muscular, very agile and deft, with a cheeky expression.




BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Lively, high-spirited, self-assured, reliable and fearless.  Slightly suspicious of strangers.  A watchdog which cannot be bribed, and capable of learning.


HEAD : Balanced size in relation to body.  Slightly wedge-shaped.



Skull : Skull fairly flat, broadest between the ears, tapering evenly towards the muzzle.  Occiput barely pronounced.  Frontal furrow moderately developed. 

Stop : Slightly marked.




Nose : In black dogs black, in havana-brown dogs brown (as dark as possible).

Muzzle : Medium strength, tapering evenly, but not snipy, with strong lower jaw.  Nasal bridge straight.

Lips :  Clean and close fitting, with black pigmentation in black dogs or with brown pigmentation (as dark as possible) in havana-brown dog.  Corner of the mouth not visible.                   

Jaws/Teeth : Strong, complete and regular scissor bite.  Pincer bite tolerated.  One missing PM1 or double PM1 (premolar 1) and missing M3 (molars) tolerated.

Cheeks : Barely pronounced.

Eyes : Rather small, almond-shaped, not protruding.  Set slightly oblique towards the nose.  Expression lively.  Colour : in black dogs dark brown, brown; in havana brown dogs lighter brown, but as dark as possible.  Eye-lids close fitting.  Eye-rims black respectively brown (as dark as possible) corresponding to the colour of the coat.

Ears : Set on fairly high and broad; in repose hanging down flat and close to cheeks.  Triangular shape with tips slightly rounded off.  In alertness raised at set-on and turned forward so that the head and ears, seen from above, form a marked triangle.


NECK : Rather short, strong and clean.